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China’s exports grow 7.6% in May despite trade tensions with US, Europe

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The strong exports caused China’s trade surplus to widen to $82.62 billion, up from April’s $72.35 billion. (Representative image)


China’s exports in May grew at their fastest pace in more than a year despite trade tensions, though imports fell short of analyst expectations, according to customs data released on Friday.


Exports jumped 7.6 per cent in May from the same month last year to $302.35 billion, rising at the fastest pace since April 2023. Imports rose by 1.8 per cent to $219.73 billion, missing estimates of about 4 per cent growth.


The uptick in exports is also partly due to a lower base in the same period last year, when exports declined 7.5 per cent.


In comparison, exports grew by 1.5 per cent in April compared with the same period last year, while April imports rose by 8.4 per cent.


The strong exports caused China’s trade surplus to widen to $82.62 billion, up from April’s $72.35 billion.


The growth in exports comes as China faces escalated trade tensions with the US and Europe. The US is ramping up tariffs on Chinese-made electric cars while Europe is considering levying similar tariffs.


Foreign tariffs are unlikely to immediately threaten exports; if anything, they may boost exports at the margin as firms speed up shipments to front-run the duties. said Zichun Huang of Capital Economics in a note.


Huang also said that exports would be supported by a weaker real effective exchange rate.


Import volumes were little changed last month, but they will probably rise soon, with increased government spending supporting the import-intensive construction sector, she said.


The 10 nations of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations remained the largest destination for Chinese products, with exports to ASEAN growing 9.7 per cent in May year-on-year to $50.83 billion.


Exports to the US grew just 0.2 per cent in May compared with the same time last year, while shipments to the European Union declined, slipping 3.9 per cent year-on-year.


Steel, automobiles, home appliances and ships were the fastest growing categories of Chinese exports. Automobiles climbed at the fastest rate, with China exporting 569,000 cars at a growth rate of 26.8 per cent compared with the same time last year.


China is facing accusations from the US and the European Union of overproducing and flooding overseas markets with cheap electric vehicles. Both have worked to impose tariffs on such vehicles. Meanwhile, China is also concerned that duties imposed on its EVs would reduce exports amid weakening demand at home.


Lynn Song of ING Economics said that should tariffs on Chinese strategic exports and automobiles be aggressive, there is potential for retaliation and escalation of trade friction.


We remain cautious about the trade outlook for the second half of the year and expect its contribution to growth to decline, Song said in a note.


Factory activity in China slowed more than expected in May, according to an official survey released last week.


The manufacturing purchasing managers index from the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing fell to 49.5 from 50.4 in April on a scale up to 100 where 50 marks the break between expansion and contraction.


China has struggled to bounce back after the Covid-19 pandemic, as it grapples with weaker demand globally after the US Federal Reserve and other central banks raised interest rates to counter inflation. A slump in China’s property sector also is weighing on growth.


China has set a target of around 5 per cent for economic growth this year, an ambition that will require more policy support, economists say.

First Published: Jun 07 2024 | 3:45 PM IST

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